Beastie Boys were an American hip hop group consisting of Mike D (vocals, drums), MCA (Adam Yauch) who died on May 4, 2012, (vocals, bass), and Ad-Rock (vocals, guitar).
The Beastie Boys began as hardcore punk band in 1979, first appearing on the compilation cassette New York Thrash before releasing their first EP, Polly Wog Stew, in 1982.
After achieving moderate local success with the 1983 release of their experimental hip hop 12" Cooky Puss, they made the transition to hip hop in 1984 and a string of successful 12" singles followed by their debut album Licensed to Ill in 1986 which received international critical acclaim and commercial success. As of 2010, they have sold 22 million albums in the United States and 40 million albums worldwide.
They are one of the longest lived hip hop acts worldwide and continue to enjoy commercial and critical success in 2011, nearly 25 years after the release of their debut album. The group has been selected as part of the 2012 induction class into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, after being eligible since 2007. Their eighth studio album, Hot Sauce Committee Part Two, was released on May 3, 2011.
The group has released eight studio albums, four of which have topped the Billboard 200 chart. They have also released four compilation albums and twelve EPs.