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Eurythmics were a British rock band fronted by Annie Lennox who are currently disbanded, but they have reunited from time to time. The duo released their first album in 1981 to little fanfare, but went on to achieve global success with their second album Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This), released in 1983. The title track was a worldwide hit, topping the chart in various countries including the US.

They went on to release a string of hit singles and albums before they split in 1990. By this time, Stewart had already embarked on a parallel music career and was also a sought-after record producer, while Lennox began a solo recording career in 1992 with her debut album Diva. After almost a decade apart, Eurythmics reformed in the late 1990s to record their ninth album, Peace which was released in late 1999. They reunited again in 2005 to release the single "I've Got a Life", as part of a new Eurythmics compilation album, Ultimate Collection.

When Lennox and Stewart started their band, they were interested in creating pop music, but wanted freedom to experiment with electronics and the avant-garde. They decided to keep themselves as the only permanent members and songwriters, and involve others in the collaboration "on the basis of mutual compatibility and availability." Their first album, In the Garden, was released in October 1981 and the album mixed psychedelic, krautrock and electropop influences.

Eurythmics' commercial breakthrough came with their second album, Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This), released in January 1983. The successful title track featured a dark and powerful sequenced synth bass line and a dramatic video that introduced the now orange crew-cut Lennox to audiences. The song reached no.2 on the UK Singles Chart, becoming one of the year's biggest sellers, and later topped the US charts. Their previous single, "Love Is a Stranger", was also re-released and became another chart success. The album also featured a cover of the 1968 Sam & Dave hit "Wrap It Up", performed as a duet between Lennox and Green Gartside of Scritti Politti.

The duo quickly recorded a follow-up album, Touch, which was released in November 1983. It became the duo's first no.1 album in the UK, and also spawned three major hit singles. "Who's That Girl?" was a top 3 hit in the UK, the video depicting Lennox as both a blonde chanteuse and as a gender-bending Elvis Presley clone. The upbeat, calypso-flavoured "Right by Your Side" showed a different side of Eurythmics altogether and also made the Top 10, and "Here Comes the Rain Again" was an orchestral/synth ballad. In 1984, Touch Dance, a mini-album of remixes, was released and aimed at the club market. Also released in 1984 was Eurythmics' soundtrack album 1984 (For the Love of Big Brother). The album's first single, "Sexcrime (Nineteen Eighty-Four)", was a top 5 hit in the UK, Australia and across Europe, and a major dance success in the United States, but its supposedly suggestive title resulted in many U.S. pop radio stations refusing to play the track.

Their next album, Be Yourself Tonight, was released in 1985 and contained four hit singles. "Would I Lie to You?" was a U.S. Billboard top five hit and Australian number one, while "There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)" became their first and only UK number one single. "It's Alright (Baby's Coming Back)" and the feministic "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves" also rode high in the charts. In September 1985, Eurythmics performed "Would I Lie to You?" at the 1985 MTV Video Music Awards at the Radio City Music Hall in New York.

Eurythmics released their next album, Revenge, in 1986 and then, Savage, in 1987. A video album was also made for the Savage album which was directed by Sophie Muller. This was largely a concept piece, following characters portrayed by Lennox, specifically one of a frustrated housewife-turned-vamp. The brazen, sexually charged rocker "I Need a Man" remains a Eurythmics staple, as does "You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart".

In 1989, Eurythmics released the album We Too Are One, which entered the UK album chart at no.1 and gave the duo four UK Top 30 hit singles. The album was a return to the rock/pop sound of their mid-80s albums and was certified Double Platinum in the UK, but was less successful in the U.S. Singles include "Revival", "The King and Queen of America" and "Angel". The duo also conducted a world tour for the album in late 1989.

After strenuous years of touring and recording, a rift had developed between the duo and Eurythmics disbanded, although no official notice was given. Stewart began writing film soundtracks and had a big international hit in 1990 with the instrumental track "Lily Was Here" while Lennox took time off from her career to have a baby and eventually started a solo career.

In 1991, Eurythmics' Greatest Hits collection was released, entering the UK album chart at #1 and spending a total of 10 weeks at that position, as well as becoming a massive worldwide seller. New remixes of "Sweet Dreams" and "Love Is a Stranger" were also released as singles at this time. During 1993, a live album entitled Live 1983–1989 featuring recordings from various years throughout Eurythmics' career was also released. In the late 1990s, Eurythmics reunited and recorded a new album, Peace, which was released in 1999. The single "I Saved the World Today" reached number 11 in the UK singles charts,and a remix of "17 Again" gave the duo their first chart-topper on the U.S. Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart.

In November 2005, Eurythmics released Ultimate Collection, a remastered greatest hits package with two new songs. One of them, "I've Got a Life", was released as a single and it spent three consecutive weeks at number 1 on Billboard's Hot Dance Music/Club Play in the US. Also, eight of their studio albums were re-released in remastered and expanded editions featuring rare B-sides, remixes and unreleased songs. The remasters were made available separately with expanded artwork, and also together in a collector's box set, entitled Boxed.

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